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REASONS AND MOTIVE FOR THE ESTBLESHING

A direct motive for the creation of the Central Office was the so-called “Ulm Forces Trials” (Ulmer Einsatzgruppen-Prozess) of ten former members of the task force Tilsit (Einsatzkommando Tilsit); all defendants were sentenced to many years of prison in August 1958, because of mass executions, particularly of Jews. From these proceedings, arise indications for other similar cases, which occurred in the areas occupied by the former German Reich and still remained uninvestigated or insufficiently investigated as well as for killing operations at concentration camps and extermination camps.

The public prosecutor’s offices and criminal courts are primarily responsible only for crimes conducted in their district or for perpetrator resided in the respective district; such system of jurisdiction has been found unsuitable for extensive work on NS crimes. Before the Central Office was founded, investigation of a NS crime by the German judicial authorities had depended mainly on coincidence, especially in cases of mass crimes, which had been committed outside Germany. An authority was and still is needed filling this considerable gap within the areas of judicial competence, an authority that would do some preparatory work in advance, push and bundle investigations of the public prosecutor’s offices and provide support for them.

Thus, a systematically conducted prosecution of the NS crimes has been started only after creation of the Central Office, which enjoys even today a good reputation worldwide beyond its institutional importance for the judicial dealing with the National Socialism.



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